Lancelot Dent 1799 - 1853

Lancelot Dent 1799 - 1853

BIRTH 4 AUG 1799 • Westmorland, England
FactsAge 0 — Birth 4 Aug 1799 • Westmorland, England 
04 Aug 1799 •Baptism Crosby Ravensworth,Westmorland,England 
Age 1 — Birth of Brother Wilkinson Dent (1800–1886) 24 Dec 1800 • Westmorland, England 
Age 1 — Death of Father William Dent (1762–1801) 12 Apr 1801 • Trainlands, Crosby Ravensworth
Age 29 — Birth of Son John Dent Fish (1828–1868) Sep 1828 • Macao, Tongcheng, Anhui, China 
Age 35 — Death of Brother Robert Dent (1793–1835) 28 Mar 1835 • Mitcham, Surrey, England 
Age 41 — Death of Mother Jane Wilkin- son (1762–1840) 12 Oct 1840 • Crosby Ravensworth, Westmorland
Age 45 — Death of Brother John Dent (1795–1845) 17 Jan 1845 • Kolkata, West Bengal, India 
Age 48 — Death of Sister Elizabeth Dent (1793–1847) 18 Sep 1847 • Crosby Ravensworth, Westmorland
Age 52 — 1851 Census Residence • St George Hanover Square, Middlesex, England, Relationship: Visitor 
Age 54 — Death 28 Nov 1853 • Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 
Burial Crosby Ravensworth, Eden District, Cumbria, England 

Dent & Co.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dent & Co. or Dent's, was one of the wealthiest British merchant firms, or Hongs, active in China during the 19th century. A direct rival to Jardine, Matheson & Co, together with Russell & Co., these three companies are recognised as the original Canton Hongs active in early Colonial Hong Kong.

Former East India Company supercargo George Baring (1781–1854), son of Sir Francis Baring, 1st
Baronet of the eponymous banking family founded the firm later to become Dent & Co in 1809.[1] After the firm ordered its supercargos to stop trading in opium, William Davidson joined the firm, becoming sole partner between 1813–1820. In that year Thomas Dent came on board and he in turn brought in Robert Hugh Inglis, who had connections with the East India Company, of which his father and uncle  were both directors. A relation of Thomas, Lancelot Dent joined his brother in the firm in 1827.[2] Thomas Dent arrived in Canton in 1823 to join Davidson & Co as a partner. When Davidson left in 1824, the company changed its name to "Dent & Co.".
Trading history
Lancelot succeeded Thomas as the senior partner when his brother departed the company in 1831. Lin Zexu's warrant for the arrest of Lancelot Dent in 1839 to force him to hand over his store of opium was the opening shot of the First Opium War.
Thomas Chaye Beale joined the firm as a partner in 1845 whereupon it became Dent, Beale & Co.[3] It once again became Dent & Co. upon Beale's departure in 1857.
In 1841 Dent moved its headquarters to Victoria, where it was one of the first companies in Hong Kong to purchase
land in what was to become known as Central District.[4] Dent was one of the very first traders to open offices when Shanghai opened to foreign trade in 1843 following the First Opium War. The firm built offices there at 14, The Bund, and became involved in the international silk and tea trade, having divested their (now) criminal shares in Opium to their associates in Boston, Massacheusetts, out of reach of the English Justice.
Dent's was one of the founding members of the provisional committee that launched The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited in March 1865. Francis Chomley of Dent's chaired the first meeting, held on 6 August 1864. It also led the foundation of the Union Insurance Society of Canton in 1835.
In 1866, the collapse of Overend, Gurney and Company, a discount house in Lombard Street, London rocked the financial world. This failure caused a run on many banks which in turn brought down many other businesses and forced Dent's to shut its Hong Kong office in the wake of the affair. Jardine Matheson & Co averted disaster by learning the news sooner – its mail steamer carrying news from Calcutta arrived one hour earlier than others – and emptied its balances at a failing bank before anyone else had heard of the news in Hong Kong. Dent's officially folded in 1867.[4] Its headquarters moved to Shanghai following the collapse in Hong Kong. 
Dent occupied a building on the corner of Pedder Street and Praya Central (the waterfront), where The Landmark complex is now situated. The first building was constructed in 1850, and was redeveloped in 1864.[5]
After Dent collapsed, half of its land on Pedder Street was sold to the newly established Hongkong Hotel Company. The hotel was duly built, and became Hong Kong's first deluxe hotel. The remaining part of the west wing was let out to other trading firms. The hotel expanded northwards, and was later rebuilt
into a 6-storey structure, completed in 1893,[6] but the hotel burned down in 1926.
The site was acquired by Hongkong Land, and Gloucester Tower constructed in 1932. It was redeveloped into The Landmark in 1979.[5]

  1. Le Pichon 2006, p. 67.
  2. Dermigny 1964, p. 1243.
  3. Cranmer-Byng J.L. and Ride, Lindsay T., Journal of Occurrences at Canton 1839 [sic] in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch; Vol. 4 (1964) p. 37
  4. Wordie 2002.
  5. Trevor Bedford, Hongkong Land, reported in "Meeting heritage challenge", South China Morning Post, 30 November 1978
  6. Feature: Buildings for Pedder Street since colonialisation ( at the
    Wayback Machine (archived 11 March 2007) Sing Pao 29 October 2005 (Chinese) 

HEIC Ship Euphrates That Lancelot Dent Travelled on to get to India and China 
The Indiaman 'Euphrates' - National Maritime Museum

Lancelot Dent had a son from Mary Colledge in 1828 the sister of his 
Surgeon Thomas Richardson Colledge. 
Our Capt John Fish marries Mary Colledge and he renames the child John Dent Fish
The child John Dent Fish is Baptised at Kilsby Church in England.

When Lancelot's son marries - the church marriage record confirms he is the natural father of 
John Dent Fish. Lancelot also names John Dent Fish as the executor of his Will.

The next reference is in the Last Will and Testament of Lancelot Dent 1853. The Rev John Dent Fish is executor of Lancelot's Will. (1st page of Lancelot's will below)

Lancelot bequeaths £10000 to The Rev John Dent Fish of Christchurch Banbury.
Lancelot also bequeaths £5000 to John Dent Fish's step brother John Fish (John Crockett Fish who is studying at Cambridge University) the second son of Capt John Fish & Mary Fish (nee Colledge). (2nd page of Lancelot's will below), both children studied at Cambridge University.

People named in the WILL of Lancelot Dent

Wilkinson Dent - brother executor of will
William Dent - brother executor of will
Rev John Dent Fish - son executor of will
John Crockett Fish at Cambridge
Elizabeth Dent
Robert Wilkinson Dent son of charlotte
John Dent son of charlotte
Charlotte Wilkinson Dent
daughter of Charlotte dent
Arthur Elley Finch
Phillip Stevenson ? Grays Inn
W D Gosling? witness
W C Curteis ? witness
W M Dent witness

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